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Indian Marriage


India is a land of diverse culture and values. Indian cultural history spans more than 4500 years.

Marriages are crucial part of Indian culture. In Indian society, marriages are supposed to be made in heaven and the rituals are done on Earth. India is a federal union of twenty eight states and seven union territories; each state has its own culture, language, art, dance forms, songs, food and festivals. The glimpse of all above mentioned aspect can be seen in an Indian wedding. There are varied marriage customs in India, from one state to the other but the belief and reason behind every marriage is the foundation of a family.

Marriages in India are not just a union and commitment between two individuals but also the two families and encircles a great sphere of many relationships which has its own charm and importance.

The uniqueness of Indian marriages attracts people all over the globe, diverse customs, traditions, rituals, music, dance and endless varieties of food is a bizarre for western world. But the most mystifying thing about Indian marriages is the prevalence of "Arranged Marriages" where the parents or guardians have the privilege to decide the bride or groom for their son or daughter respectively. In an arranged-marriage the bride and the groom may or may not be known to each other before, but they hold up long years of togetherness once they are committed into a married relationship. This striking aspect in marriages is really commendable and somewhere in mind portrays the importance of family values which could be the major reason behind the success of such marriages.

Different states of India has different customs and rituals of wedding, on the basis of it, Indian states can be categorized into four main divisions; North, South, East and West. Each division has one or more states confined in its demographical boundary.

In north Indian states like Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana etc. Hindu marriages extends for 4-5 days of various wedding rituals, starting from sangeet (singing wedding-songs), mehendi (putting henna on hands n feet), Pitranyota(offering and worship of the forefathers) and Haldi. The final wedding rituals includes, Dwarachar, jayamaal, Mangal phera, kanyadaan and Vidaai. Amongst all the "Mangal phera" is the most important ritual. Mangal Phera takes place by the bride and the groom with moving in a circle around the sacred fire(agni) seven times with seven life long promises to abide with.The whole process of the wedding is an extravaganza, no other occasion in India could be such a splendid affair than weddings.

In western Indian states like Maharashtra and Gujarat the marriage customs are more or less the same. A Maharashtrian wedding follows by an engagement ceremony called 'Sakharpuda. On the wedding day, rituals like Haldi (applying turmeric paste to the bride's and the groom's body), dwarachar (honoring the groom and his family at the door step), Saptapadi , Kanyadaan and Vidaai(sending off the bride to her new family) are considered as the major rituals that ratifies a marriage.


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